Do you find our website to be helpful?
Yes   No
Skip to main content

The Link Between Medications and Gynecomastia

The Link Between Medications and Gynecomastia

One of the features that distinguish men from women is that men have flatter chests. With gynecomastia, this gender difference line is blurred, as men with the condition have enlarged breasts due to an increase in glandular tissue. While there are several roads to gynecomastia, certain medications present some of the more common.

Understanding that a person's health may rely on certain medications, Dr. Thomas McHugh of McHugh Plastic Surgery offers a solution for men who develop gynecomastia — breast reduction surgery.

In the following, we explore which medications can lead to gynecomastia and how we can help undo this unwanted side effect.

Hormonal medications

What creates glandular breast tissue in women and minimizes it in men are reproductive hormones — men have more testosterone while women have more estrogen and progesterone. 

To give you an idea of the influence of hormones, 50-60% of adolescent boys have gynecomastia, which is a result of the hormonal shifts from boyhood to manhood. As adolescents mature, the extra breast tissue typically recedes as testosterone takes over, leaving them with flatter chests.

If you’re taking medications that alter your reproductive hormone levels, this can lead to gynecomastia. According to GoodRx Health, these medications affect hormones in one of two ways: by negatively affecting androgens (male hormones) or increasing estrogen.

Anti-androgen medications 

Medications that tamper with your androgens can make you more susceptible to the estrogen in your body and lead to gynecomastia. 

Examples of anti-androgen medications include:

Promoting estrogen

There are some medications that increase the levels of estrogen in men, which can lead to gynecomastia. 

These include:

In influencing the balance between the estrogens and androgens in your body, these medications have been known to create more breast tissue.

Nonhormonal medications

The third category of medications that can lead to gynecomastia are those that encourage higher-than-normal levels of prolactin in your body. We turn once again to GoodRx Health for the following list:

As you can see, many of the medications we list above are ones that need to be taken and stopping the treatment isn’t a good idea. In these cases, we can help with gynecomastia through breast reduction surgery.

What happens during gynecomastia surgery

When we perform breast reduction surgery for gynecomastia, we go in and remove the excess tissue to smooth out your chest once again. Depending upon the extent of the excess tissue, we use liposuction, excision, or a combination of the two.

If necessary, we can also resize and/or relocate your nipples.

We make every effort to keep scarring to a minimum so that you can once again bare your chest with confidence.

If you want to explore breast reduction surgery for your gynecomastia, please contact our office in The Woodlands, Texas, to set up a consultation.

You Might Also Enjoy...

4 Great Benefits of a Mommy Makeover

4 Great Benefits of a Mommy Makeover

Your beautiful family is complete, and you want to put the effects that pregnancy had on your body in the rearview mirror. Welcome to the popular mommy makeover, which offers some great benefits.

Life After a Brazilian Butt Lift

You’ve decided that a Brazilian butt lift is the best way to achieve your hind end goals, but you want to learn more about what happens afterward. Here’s a look at what your life will look like during the weeks following your Brazilian butt lift.
5 Noncosmetic Reasons to Consider Breast Surgery

5 Noncosmetic Reasons to Consider Breast Surgery

While breast augmentation remains the top cosmetic procedure in the United States, not every breast surgery is aimed at increasing cup size. Many people seek breast surgery for more practical reasons.

Yes, You Can Remove Hair There

The average human has five million hair follicles on their body — some they want and others they don’t. If you’re looking for a better way to remove unwanted body hair, explore laser hair removal.